I'm on a journey around Turkey...
'..A land of beauty and extremes...'
This is terrifying and awesome all at the same time.
Look at the size of that!
'..A nation torn by conflict and division...'
It goes on and on.
Look at this over here.
The war is not something distant at this point.
'..With an increasingly authoritarian regime.'
Just to my left, there's a protest developing.
'..Crushing opposition at home and abroad...'
難以置信 "BBC 英國恐怖機構"
Unbelievable. "BBC, English terror agency."
'..Turkey is at the very heart of global events.'
- As-salamu 'alaykum. - Wa'alaykumu s-salam.
希臘 土耳其 敘利亞
'On this first leg of my journey, I'll be visiting Istanbul,
'before heading to the turquoise coast of the Aegean Sea
'and on to the border with Syria.
'I meet the billionaire
'cashing in on Turkey's economic transformation...
'..Syrian families struggling to carve out a new life...'
一家 兩家 三家
Family, family, family.
'..In the country now staking a claim to be a beacon
'for the entire Islamic world.'
I'm on a very windy ferry,
approaching what's often called the European side of Turkey.
In that direction is Greece and the European Union,
in that direction is the Middle East.
It's the boundary between Europe and Asia.
I landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula,
on the European side of Turkey.
And so the journey begins.
Look at this. Vineyards.
Wine production isn't something
I'd expect to find in an overwhelmingly Muslim country.
Most Muslims believe Islam forbids alcohol.
Some experts think Turkey is the birthplace of wine making.
Certainly it's been produced
here in the region for thousands of years,
but recently, if you can forgive the pun,
這裏的發展有所停滯[打嗝]there's been a bit of a hiccup.
-塞利姆 你好 -你好
- Selim? Merhaba. - Merhaba.
- How are you? - I'm very well.
Thank you very much indeed for having us.
- It's beautiful! - Thank you.
They look good. Look at these.
'13 years ago,
'Selim Ellialti gave up a successful career in IT
'to follow his dream and own a vineyard.
'He now employs more than 250 growers, presses,
'packers and pickers.'
The weapon of choice.
I will try very hard not to.
I can't even see them, where are they?
Do I just cut them there?
Happy with that?
It's a little bunch of grapes, but, you know, every bit helps.
What's your favourite part, Selim, of the process?
The most joyful part is drinking...
..At the end of the day.
Selim's here, you'd better be careful what you say.
I'm eating far too many, but they are so delicious. Mmm!
The vast majority of the 80 million Turks are Muslim,
yet many here still like a beer or a glass of good wine.
Modern Turkey was founded as a relatively liberal, secular state,
where religion was kept in check.
For decades, religious Turks
were kept out of many positions of authority,
but now they're in power.
In a strange way,
these grapes have come to symbolise
the tensions that exist here in Turkey.
Turkey is home to both people who are pious and conservative
and people who are secular as well,
people who look to Europe for their identity.
And in recent decades,
Turkey and the Turks have really struggled
about which way this country moves,
the direction of the nation.
Does it look to the West for inspiration or to the East?
And that's never really been resolved, and now,
alcohol and wine has become the battleground.
It's the start of harvest, so it's time to celebrate.
These are fresh, easy-going,
fruity, aromatic wines.
That's really delicious.
Behind the celebrations,
these are worrying times for Selim and his wife, Pinar.
Just when Turkish wines were being recognised internationally,
the conservative government
started actively discouraging people from drinking.
Tastings, promotions and advertising of alcohol have been banned.
It is a difficult year for the industry, for sure.
It was not a very nice,
polite period for me,
and most of the wineries,
wine brands are diminishing.
The marketing side, presumably, has become more difficult?
- Yes, exactly. - You need to be more creative.
We have a small group of bloggers
who came from Istanbul to see our festival.
A small group of bloggers.
I love it.
This country is so rich and varied, isn't it?
Of course, you have ladies wearing headscarves doing the picking
and you have bloggers from Istanbul.
It's a very colourful country.
We have different types of people,
different lives, different beliefs
and we have to learn
to live altogether in respect.
If we can achieve this as a country, we are, for sure,
will be capable of making much better wines.
Much better business.
It's all about the business, isn't it?
That's why we're all here.
It feels like different aspects of Turkey
coexist quite happily here at this party.
I wonder if this level of harmony
is something I'll see on the rest of my journey.
I went east, around the Sea of Marmara,
to a city I love...